The official name of the evergreen old olive is Olea Europea Sativa.To domesticated olive tree originates from the eastern Mediterranean basin. It adjusts to long periods of hot, dry summers while showing great resistance to temperatures bordering on 0 ° C. Mature olive trees are trees of medium size. In some cases, the trees can reach heights of 10 meters. However, dwarf trees for ornamental purposes.

In the Mediterranean area the olive trees bloom in late spring (April-May) and harvesting begins in late November and ends in February for the southern regions.